Prospective pool and spa owners should think S-L-A-M before jumping in

If warming weather has you fantasizing about the ultimate in backyard pools and spas, before you jump into the deep end, we have compiled a list of considerations to both help you make a splash and prevent you from getting soaked. Though any licensed pool contractor or landscape architect can help prospective pool owners wade through the design and installation process, we encourage you to inform yourself about some of the basics, both practical and aesthetic. As you wade in, just think “S-L-A-M,” as in your beautiful backyard retreat will be a slam dunk.

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Site: A pool can be built on virtually any site, but the cost may be prohibitive if the property isn’t naturally suitable for construction. Issues to consider include soil composition, water table, elevation changes and accessibility. Generally, the heavy equipment needed for pool construction requires at least 8-foot- wide access.

SHAPE: If you are determined to have a pool, there is probably a shape that will work for your application, even if it isn’t exactly what you had imagined. For example, a long narrow rectangle is ideal when space is limited.

STYLE: Though it probably goes without saying that your pool and surrounding area should complement the style of your home and landscaping, be it classic, rustic, sleek, modern or whatever, there is another possibility. What happens if you are dead set on a hip South Beach-style escape that seems completely at odds with your Tidewater Colonial? All may not lost be lost, as a top-notch designer will likely be able to create a transition from one world to the other through expert selection and placement of landscaping and hardscaping materials, not to mention the design of the pool itself from tropical lagoon to urban plunge pool.

LIFESTYLE: Before you take the plunge, get crystal clear about your lifestyle and how your new pool will fit into it now and over time. Do you want the pool for exercise, leisure sports, cooling off, entertaining, or ambiance? Your pool design should work hard to afford you the lifestyle you have worked hard to achieve. Most people spend more time looking at their pool or dwelling around its edges than actually swimming in it, so consider the likes of wading areas for young children or for adults in lounge chairs, a tanning ledge and, for the ultimate in resort style living, an in-ground spa. Consisting largely of some type of seating and jets, spas are as varied as pools but should visually harmonize. The newer “spools” combine a larger spa with a smaller pool.

LOCATION: Virtually every city government website hosts an exhaustive list of zoning and building laws related to pools, decking, fencing and insurance, including in relation to their location on your property. Work with your contractor and designer to ensure that you are in compliance to avoid a costly misstep.

LINER: There are essentially three types of pool liners: concrete (gunite), vinyl and fiberglass. Each has advantages and disadvantages related to initial cost, installation, durability, maintenance, appearance and more. Carefully study the pros and cons to make a selection that is the best fit.

LIGHTING: Since pools are valued as much or more for ambiance as they are for swimming, you will want to enjoy your pool even as the sun sets. Consider lighting both in and around the pool. Most experts will agree that LED lighting is the brightest idea for creating the desired mood. For the pool itself, LED lights can be installed in the coping or in pipes within the walls, casting a soft glow across the water, even one that can be programmed to change colors. Around the pool – for both aesthetic and safety enhancement – low-voltage lighting is generally the preferred type. Because of the presence of water, however, special considerations come into play. Let an expert guide you.

AMENITIES: Think of your project as a poolscape rather than simply as a pool. Design the entire space holistically, even if you build it in phases. Amenities to consider include a pool house, outdoor kitchen, loggia, pergola, gazebo, cabana, firepit, fireplace, outdoor shower, play area, and other sun and shade options. People typically want to both sit and lie beside a pool, so consider a variety of seating options, including lounge chairs for a resort feel, but also hammocks and daybeds. Features and focal points that make your space even more deluxe include rock waterfalls in a more naturalized setting, water spouts or deck jet water features for a sleeker and more contemporary context, a swim-up bar, underwater benches, shallow beach-style pool entries, or even a dry recessed lounge area within the pool.

MATERIALS: Concrete used to be the material of choice for pool decking, but it is prone to cracking and is complex to repair. Also, growing eco-consciousness related to run-off makes a more permeable decking more desirable. “Unit paving” as opposed to poured slabs, addresses both concerns and options now abound. Three main considerations should drive your decision besides appearance and budget: heat absorption, feel on bare feet and anti-slipping properties. Some options include unglazed tile, cast concrete pavers, stone, wood (including exotics like ipe), brick and rubber.

MAINTENANCE: Though all pools have different maintenance needs, the key is regular and routine care in these areas: skimming, vacuuming/brushing, cleaning the filter, professionally servicing the heater if applicable, maintaining water level and pH level, chlorinating the water, locating and repairing leaks, and winterizing.

Now, go on, get your feet wet and enjoy a year-round staycation.

Chris Ettel is founding partner of VB Homes. He serves on the Tidewater Builders Association board of directors, serves as past chairman of the TBA Remodelers Council and is a longtime board member of the Virginia Beach Public Schools Education Foundation. For more information, go to www.vbhomesliving.com.

Enjoy 3 seasons of al fresco dining at home with a thought-out custom kitchen

Those of us who reside in Coastal Virginia are fortunate to enjoy three growing seasons, which translates to three seasons of cooking and dining outdoors. A grill and a prefabricated portable food prep station are just about all it takes. However, if you covet a more custom kitchen, there are at least seven S’s to consider.

Create an outdoor space for dining al fresco

Sympatico spaces. Start by asking yourself some basic questions about how you cook and entertain indoors, how you imagine yourself doing the same outdoors, and how you want your indoor and outdoor spaces to relate to each other. Though outdoor cooking and dining open up new possibilities for how you entertain, you aren’t liable to become a dramatically different cook or host when you step outside. And unless your outdoor kitchen is fully outfitted and independent, these two hardworking spaces will need to function in tandem. So, think also about the distance between them as well as the navigable route between them. Will the outdoor space be attached to your home or detached? Remember, no matter how appealing, if your outdoor cooking space isn’t easily accessible and easy to maintain, you aren’t likely to use it.

Style. Though most homeowners think visually when they imagine al fresco entertaining, the truth is that style should be secondary to durability. Hire the best contractor you can afford, for Mother Nature is especially intolerant of shoddy craftsmanship.

In general, sleek lines and polished finishes look more contemporary, while irregularity, texture and matte finishes impart a more classic, rustic or traditional look. The choices of layouts tend to be a straight line, often against a pre-existing edge, border, or wall; an L- or U-shape; or an island. Incorporating bar seating as a casual dining option for a few people is a smart choice, even when a dining table is nearby, as outdoor cooking areas tend to become hubs. With food prep, cooking, and dining all in close proximity, dual level counters are nice in order to separate functions.

Surfaces. As for counters, experts agree that homeowners’ best choices are natural stone (including less expensive stone veneer), properly installed concrete or outdoor-rated tile. However, if a manufactured countertop like quartz or recycled glass is a key component of your dream kitchen, seek the advice of the manufacturer to ensure that the pigments and any epoxies or fillers will hold up during outdoor use over time without changing color from UV rays. Porous stones – marble, soapstone, slate, limestone, and bluestone – will likely stain over time, while granite performs well in the elements, is less prone to absorbing stains and odors than other stones, and is unlikely to fade. Don’t discount corrosion-resistant stainless steel or some less frequently seen options like brick, stucco, sealed teak, or virtually maintenance-free marine-grade polymer. Regardless of the material, darker colors and metal will absorb more heat.

As for flooring, stone is appealing, of course, but it is fairly expensive and can absorb oil, leaving stains behind. Stained and stamped concrete is an excellent choice, but you only need look around at driveways to know that considering a base adhesive is a smart move to help the concrete withstand the freeze-thaw cycle without cracking. Likewise, if tile is your choice, you need only think of your cracked ceramic planters to know that a frost-proof, unglazed product, preferably protected with a penetrating sealer, and a grout with the proper additive is worth the extra cost. In all cases, consider the most slip-resistant version of your preferred material.

Shelter and shade. Enjoying a meal outdoors is hard to beat. But complete exposure to the elements is not necessarily desirable. Consider a pergola with a slatted or lattice roof for ventilation, an electric or manually operated awning, or even an umbrella in a sun-resistant fabric, which works for both portable and built-in kitchens. For the latter, a hole in the counter to accommodate the umbrella post is ideal. Shade trees may sound like the perfect protection for your outdoor paradise, but when their leaves start to drop, paradise may transmute into perdition. To extend the outdoor cooking and dining season in more extreme temperatures, consider portable butane heaters and dual-use fans, perhaps with built-in misters.

Splurges and necessities. It is helpful to think of your outdoor kitchen in terms of hot, cold, wet and dry zones. For longevity and optimum performance, make sure that your hot and cold appliances are not placed immediately next to each other, and choose only appliances rated for outdoor use. In the hot zone, most everyone would agree that a grill is the centerpiece. Hybrid or dual grills allow cooking with gas or charcoal, with the latter making a comeback. If the grill is close to the house or under an enclosure, a range hood or other proper ventilation is paramount. Of all the “extras,” many homeowners find that a side burner is all but essential.

Other “hot” zone items to consider include a dedicated gas line instead of propane, a wood-fired pizza oven, a smoker, and a deep fryer. Frying outdoors is much less hassle than indoors. In the cold zone, ask yourself how critical are an under counter refrigerator, a wine cooler, a kegerator with two taps, and an ice maker.

For the wet zone, don’t let your first dinner party be the first time you realize that you didn’t consider cleanup. Sinks and even dishwashers may be more indispensable than you would have thought.

In the dry zone, think “2 x 3.” Thirty-six running inches of 24-inch deep counter space is considered by most experts to be a bare minimum of prep space. Some kind of undercounter storage is handy, perhaps with a seamless rain gutter around door and drawer openings to prevent water and dirt from getting inside. Infuse it all with music – say, with an iPod-compatible marine-grade sound system. Or just plan to bring your waterproof Bluetooth speaker outside with you.

Seeing. As with indoor kitchens, their outdoor counterparts require a blend of – preferably dimmable – task, accent and ambient lighting, most of which should likely be rated for wet or damp locations. Typically, appliances and lighting should be on different circuits. A bright clip-on grill light or standing lamp can provide adequate lighting for work areas while ambient lighting might take the form of all-weather string lights or rechargeable LED tea lights. If your kitchen includes a covering, pendant lights are pretty and practical over bar areas, while a ceiling fan with a light kit will provide lighting over a dining table and help keep mosquitoes moving at the same time. For safely moving between indoors and out, “garden” style fixtures on short posts along paths, riser lights on stairs and wall sconces or an overhead lantern near the entrance to your home should do the trick.

Safety. Lest your outdoor kitchen investment go up in smoke, position your grill at least 15 feet from combustible materials to include wood siding, deck rails and tree branches, and always keep a fire extinguisher stored nearby. An insulated grill jacket and vent panels aren’t glamorous, but are essential components of your outdoor built-in kitchen’s structure. If yours is a gas kitchen, check the line for leaks. And, if electric, GFCI outlets will be required. Also, you should use only extension cords, fans and lights that have Underwriters Laboratories outdoor ratings, because they stand up to UV exposure and extreme temperatures.

Now, tie on your apron, light some candles, and embrace the other two all-important S’s: spring and summer.

 

Chris Ettel is founding partner of VB Homes. He serves on the Tidewater Builders Association board of directors, is a past chairman of the TBA Remodelers Council and is a longtime board member of the Virginia Beach Public Schools Education Foundation. For more information, visit www.vbhomesliving.com.

Better design the key for great outdoor spaces on any budget

There is nothing wrong with a backyard grill and a couple of Adirondack chairs. However, if you are at a point in your life where you want your outdoor spaces to feel more like your indoor spaces, consider our tips for better design regardless of budget.

Ettel Home evening May 22 2014

First, decide on the extent of your transformation. Do you want a simple patio or deck, or is a series of outdoor rooms more to your liking? If the latter, yet your budget is tight, consider creating an overall design that can be installed in phases for a result with cohesive flow.

Regardless of the size of your project, consider how you want the outdoor spaces to function. Is it for dining, cooking, conversation, lounging, recreation? How will they connect to the indoors visually and physically? How will they connect to each other and relate to surrounding areas.

Outdoor spaces that aren’t easily accessible, regardless of how beautifully appointed, are not likely to get much use. So consider the inside-to-outside transitions from both the interior and exterior perspectives.

Zones can be established in a number of ways like shifts in hardscaping materials from, say, concrete pavers to brick, or defining boundaries through the placement of planters and plantings. Regardless, moving between zones should feel seamless.

Traffic patterns can be established in similar ways to create spaces that unfold into each other through simple openings or down more formal walkways. If the latter, a curve to help create a sense of discovery is nice.

Always consider the “borrowed landscape” or what lies beyond the areas you are developing, taking advantage of attractive features and views and minimizing or camouflaging those that aren’t, like your neighbor’s shed.

With your plan mapped out, next consider focal points for each area, including sources of fire and water. A full-size fireplace will draw people to it outdoors just as it will indoors, or perhaps more so. But so will a more flexible and affordable fire pit if your space or budget is restrictive. Just be sure to consult building codes in relation to fire safety. Water features, whether an extensive pond or a tabletop fountain, provide both beauty and soothing sounds. Other focal points might include a specimen tree, a garden wall or trellis, or a piece of sculpture.

Provide a variety of seating options for people of all ages: low, high, stationary, portable, rigid and upholstered. Maybe even a swing or hammock. But coordinate colors, styles, and materials and limit the number to avoid a cluttered look. For upholstered furniture, invest in fabrics that can take a beating from the sun and that dry quickly. Overhead, consider some protection from the sun in the form of pergolas, umbrellas or awnings.

And lastly, have some fun decorating your spaces to engage all of the senses and create visual interest in support of your focal points. Be thoughtful in your selection of shapes, colors, and textures in both manmade and natural materials: accent tables, candles and outdoor-rated lighting, throw pillows, rugs, planters, decorative objects, rocks, and plant materials, including some with scents.

Whether your outdoor areas have a kicked-back Parrothead vibe, country-cottage charm, or sleek South Beach sophistication each should be a function of your personal style combined with the style of your home. Outdoor spaces can offer surprise elements perhaps not found inside your home, but generally a few repeated elements, colors, or motifs ensure a more satisfying and harmonious look and feel between indoors and out.

If an outdoor kitchen is in your budget, be sure to read next month’s column. The considerations are many – materials, location, appliances, storage, work surfaces, and ambiance – and we will get you cookin’ outdoors in comfort, safety, and style.

 

Chris Ettel is founding partner of VB Homes. He serves on the Tidewater Builders Association board of directors, serves as past chairman of the TBA Remodelers Council and is a longtime board member of the Virginia Beach Public Schools Education Foundation. For more information, go to www.vbhomesliving.com.

Looking to Move to the Beach

Great opportunity to move to the beach! Two new homes in development on 55th Street and Atlantic Avenue. Call VB Homes today for more information at 757-491-1996 or visit our website vbhomesliving.com

#beach home #northend #oceanfront #virginiabeach #customhome #coastal home #beach #beachliving

 

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Better design the key for great outdoor spaces on any budget

A fireplace anchors one of the outdoor living spaces at the Ettel home, May 22, 2014.

There is nothing wrong with a backyard grill and a couple of Adirondack chairs. However, if you are at a point in your life where you want your outdoor spaces to feel more like your indoor spaces, consider our tips for better design regardless of budget.

First, decide on the extent of your transformation. Do you want a simple patio or deck, or is a series of outdoor rooms more to your liking? If the latter, yet your budget is tight, consider creating an overall design that can be installed in phases for a result with cohesive flow.

Regardless of the size of your project, consider how you want the outdoor spaces to function. Is it for dining, cooking, conversation, lounging, recreation? How will they connect to the indoors visually and physically? How will they connect to each other and relate to surrounding areas.

Outdoor spaces that aren’t easily accessible, regardless of how beautifully appointed, are not likely to get much use. So consider the inside-to-outside transitions from both the interior and exterior perspectives.

Zones can be established in a number of ways like shifts in hardscaping materials from, say, concrete pavers to brick, or defining boundaries through the placement of planters and plantings. Regardless, moving between zones should feel seamless.

Traffic patterns can be established in similar ways to create spaces that unfold into each other through simple openings or down more formal walkways. If the latter, a curve to help create a sense of discovery is nice.

Always consider the “borrowed landscape” or what lies beyond the areas you are developing, taking advantage of attractive features and views and minimizing or camouflaging those that aren’t, like your neighbor’s shed.

With your plan mapped out, next consider focal points for each area, including sources of fire and water. A full-size fireplace will draw people to it outdoors just as it will indoors, or perhaps more so. But so will a more flexible and affordable fire pit if your space or budget is restrictive. Just be sure to consult building codes in relation to fire safety. Water features, whether an extensive pond or a tabletop fountain, provide both beauty and soothing sounds. Other focal points might include a specimen tree, a garden wall or trellis, or a piece of sculpture.

Provide a variety of seating options for people of all ages: low, high, stationary, portable, rigid and upholstered. Maybe even a swing or hammock. But coordinate colors, styles, and materials and limit the number to avoid a cluttered look. For upholstered furniture, invest in fabrics that can take a beating from the sun and that dry quickly. Overhead, consider some protection from the sun in the form of pergolas, umbrellas or awnings.

And lastly, have some fun decorating your spaces to engage all of the senses and create visual interest in support of your focal points. Be thoughtful in your selection of shapes, colors, and textures in both manmade and natural materials: accent tables, candles and outdoor-rated lighting, throw pillows, rugs, planters, decorative objects, rocks, and plant materials, including some with scents.

Whether your outdoor areas have a kicked-back Parrothead vibe, country-cottage charm, or sleek South Beach sophistication each should be a function of your personal style combined with the style of your home. Outdoor spaces can offer surprise elements perhaps not found inside your home, but generally a few repeated elements, colors, or motifs ensure a more satisfying and harmonious look and feel between indoors and out.

If an outdoor kitchen is in your budget, be sure to read next month’s column. The considerations are many – materials, location, appliances, storage, work surfaces, and ambiance – and we will get you cookin’ outdoors in comfort, safety, and style.

Chris Ettel is founding partner of VB Homes. He serves on the Tidewater Builders Association board of directors, serves as past chairman of the TBA Remodelers Council and is a longtime board member of the Virginia Beach Public Schools Education Foundation. For more information, go to www.vbhomesliving.com.

Bright ideas for night light

We spend significant money beautifying our landscapes with just the right trees, shrubs, flowers and hardscaping, but when night falls, all of that effort “goes dark.” 

As warm weather approaches and we tend to be outdoors more often later into the evenings, wouldn’t it be nice to enjoy our homes and streetscapes even as the darkness deepens?

Landscape lighting is the answer. And, besides aesthetics, mood and atmosphere, there are at least two other good reasons to brighten things up a bit: safety and security.

Like anything else, outdoor lighting can be incorporated into your landscape design along a spectrum from minimalism to maxed out. Here are some “bright” ideas for designing a landscape-lighting plan that is just right for your context.

1. Be clear about your goals, be they illuminating walkways, driveways and steps; creating an ambiance for outdoor entertaining; highlighting your home’s architectural and landscape features; or even deterring intruders.

2. Respect your neighbors and those coming and going from your home by choosing and positioning fixtures to avoid outdoor light pollution, which comes in many forms. Those intrusions include shining a light into a neighbor’s window or your guests’ eyes, washing out the night sky, or creating glare. Shields, collars and guards are among the considerations that can help.

3. Invest in LEDs. Though they cost a bit more than halogen, LEDs offer vastly longer life, are more energy-efficient and withstand shock, vibrations and inclement weather. LEDs offer nearly unlimited flexibility for dimming, brightening and creating a design plan with layers of subtlety.

4. Choose your look. Gentle, dramatic, elegant? Regardless of the look you desire, landscape lighting can provide it through a strategically placed mix of down-lighting, up-lighting and cross-lighting. Down-lighting, referred to as moon lighting, creates a romantic glow by mounting downward facing fixtures in trees. Up-lighting is positioned at ground level and creates more drama by aiming light directly at elements you wish to feature. Cross-lighting will grace the landscape with more depth by illuminating water features, specimen trees, swings and arbors from both sides while helping to eliminate shadows.

5. High wattage bulbs are too much of a good thing. They lend harshness to the landscape when a very different effect was the goal. You may be surprised at how much sophistication even 20 watts can deliver. Consider, as well, volts. Most landscape lighting today is low voltage which is safer to work with and less costly to install than 120-volt systems. A step-down transformer delivers one-tenth of the power, but the effects are, nonetheless, virtually limitless.

6. Think of the big picture. Types of outdoor lighting to consider, as with indoor lighting, include task, accent and overall achieved through fixtures like bullets (narrower beams), floods (wider beams), garden (on short posts), wash (softer and more diffuse) and well (buried in the ground). Incorporating all of these types of lighting will result in a fuller look and feel to your landscape. Timers ensure convenience and energy savings.

Through a combination of artistry, engineering and electrical know-how, you can look forward to a bit more brightness in your (night) life.

Chris Ettel is founding partner of VB Homes. He serves on the Tidewater Builders Association board of directors, serves as past chairman of the TBA Remodelers Council and is a longtime board member of the Virginia Beach Public Schools Education Foundation. For more information, go to www.vbhomesliving.com.

Before and After Renovations

Check out this before and after exterior renovation in Bay Island. Let VB Homes design your next remodel project by calling us at 757-491-1996 or visiting our website vbhomesliving.com

#vbhomes #remodel #exteriordesign #exterior#virginiabeach #coastal #home #beforeandafter#design

Image may contain: house, tree, sky, plant and outdoor

Looking to Remodel Your Kitchen

Take a look at this gorgeous North End remodeled kitchen! Our client wanted a beachy look for their new kitchen design. Call us at 757-491-1996 or visit our website vbhomesliving.com for us to design your next kitchen. #vbhomes #virginiabeach #remodel #kitchendesign #kitchen #beachhouse #coastaldesign

 

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Picture: North End Custom Home in Virginia Beach, VA

Floored by flooring choices?

When it comes to what’s underfoot, there is more than meets the eye. Whether you are building or remodeling, flooring is one of the most important long-lived decisions you will make in relation to aesthetics, function and even issues like safety and sound. Besides the number of choices in materials, each comes with a slew of options. Here, we take a look at the top choices:

HARDWOOD is durable, natural and warm underfoot. Oak floors say “traditional,” while some of the exotic woods like Brazilian cherry and acacia say “contemporary.” Wider planks and hand-scraped surfaces look Old World while remaining grounded in the present. Planks, parquet with their geometric patterns, and prefinished boards for easier installation should all be considered, though hardwood, which can take 120 years to mature, is not the greenest of choices.

LAMINATE is composed of layers of different wood-based materials that are glued or laminated together and topped with a photographic imprint with the appearance of wood grain. Embossing adds more realistic texture. And embossing in register (EIR) ensures that both the look and feel of the wood grain lines up. Easier to install than hardwood floors, it is also more affordable. Expect more bounce and “give” than traditional hard floor coverings as well as more sound transmission underfoot as they are not glued down to the subfloor.

ENGINEERED wood floors are a variation on laminate in that a genuine hardwood veneer tops a number of plywood layers. A little more expensive, an engineered floor is prized for its more authentic look, sound and feel than laminate. It also resists cupping and warping much more than solid planks.

BAMBOO is one of the most eco-friendly choices. Taking only three to five years to reach maturity in controlled forests, this lightweight woody grass has the tensile strength of steel, and one that resists humidity-related swelling and contraction but is still more susceptible to moisture and humidity than other species of woods. It is sold prefinished with tongue-and-groove joints like standard hardwood. Its Janka rating will indicate hardness, with traditional construction bamboo in the range of red oak and strand-woven bamboo rating as high as Brazilian cherry and teak.

CORK is another of the more sustainable choices. Its cushiony feel comes courtesy of this natural material’s honeycomb structure, which also will absorb vibration and sound. Cork’s natural nonslip surface makes it a wise choice for kitchens and baths. Though the surface will largely bounce back if dented, stiletto heels are not a cork floor’s best friend. It also can be more easily damaged because of its softness.

CERAMIC TILE, whether glazed porcelain, terra-cotta or natural stone (e.g. marble, granite, travertine or slate), is a popular, durable choice. Glazed porcelain offers the most affordability and freedom from maintenance, as porous materials must be sealed. The range of colors, textures, finishes and sizes of porcelain tiles lead to an infinite number of possibilities when combined. But drop something breakable on any of these surfaces, and it likely will shatter. And they are not known for a warm feeling underfoot, unless you install radiant flooring.

Finishing the look is grout, typically a cement-based, porous product. For the most maintenance-free grout – one that does not require sealing and re-sealing – consider an epoxy type, which is flexible and less prone to cracking and chipping, or one with an additive that strengthens and eliminates the need for sealing.

VINYL has come a long way and is one of the most budget-friendly flooring choices around. An ideal choice for spaces with moisture issues, it is easy to clean and more cushy underfoot than ceramic or stone. Available in sheets or the easier-to-install self-stick tiles, it comes in varying widths and thicknesses. The thicker the wear layer in millimeters, the more durable it will be. Try to pick a vinyl with at least 15 mm of wear layer for durability.

CARPETING is still the preferred choice of many for bedrooms, especially upper-story bedrooms where it will help muffle sound. Shag has left the ‘70s and has arrived more stylish than ever in the 21st century, although its extra-deep pile makes it a poor choice for dining spaces. Solid cut pile, the most popular choice, is soft and dense and absent of loops that can get “pulled” and unravel, especially by pets’ feet.

For commercial application, modular tiles come in a near limitless range of colors, patterns and textures, are the most durable, and can be easily replaced if one becomes damaged or soiled.

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Picture: Bay Colony Custom Home

Hemp and sisal lend a casual, coastal feel, but are not plush, nor are the recommended for homes with pets and small children.

SUBFLOORING AND UNDERLAYMENTS. Regardless of the flooring you choose, you are creating problems down the road – a long and bumpy road – if you don’t insist on a proper subfloor and underlayments. Issues of cushioning and sound absorption are just the start of it. An unsightly appearance, compromised performance and uneven wear, because of raised areas, are perhaps more troublesome.

Underlayments are placed on top of the subfloor. They absorb the roughness and imperfections of the subfloors, which provide structural support, preventing squeaks and cracks. “Strong, sound, level, dry, clean and smooth” are the operative words here.

For carpet, rug performance and appearance, it’s all about the pad. Pads protect against packing wear and absorb impact from feet and furniture, lessening stress on the carpet. Pads also lend softness, warmth and sound reduction, but can be problematic for wheelchairs.

Before you begin, remember that, in the end, the finished floor is only as good as what’s under it.